Children learn at different rates and not every child who initially struggles with reading is dyslexic, however, dyslexia can affect a variety of language skills that are the foundation for reading and therefore you will often see some of the following red flags in dyslexic children.
- Difficulties with Rhyming: Has difficulty making up rhymes (for example: when asked to give you a word that rhymes with cat, the child may say something like mop) children will have difficulty recognizing rhyming patterns like cat, hat, pat,sat.
- Difficulty with Word Retrieval or Difficulties Calling Things by the Right Name:(for example: You ask your child for a knife and he hands you a spoon. Children struggle learning colors, and the letters of the alphabet. Dyslexia changes the way the brain processes language and this can make it more difficult to attach the correct labels to objects and symbols, such as letters and numbers.
- Children may Speak Like a Younger Child: Children often mispronounce words, while at school they may seem to know less words than their peers.
School Age Children
- Difficulty reading single words
- Difficulty Decoding nonsense or unfamiliar words. For example you may ask the child to read the following words: ree, ip and din. Increase in complexity to pnir, depine, and viv. School age children have a very difficult time “sounding out words”, that is, to map letters to sound.
- Inaccurate and labored oral reading of passages.
- Trouble reading small site words such as that, is, an, and for.
- Poor Spelling